Document
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark one)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number 000-09992
KLA-Tencor Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
  
Delaware
 
04-2564110
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
One Technology Drive, Milpitas, California
 
95035
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(408) 875-3000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
 
 
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company ¨
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨    No  x
As of April 13, 2018, there were 155,872,083 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding.


Table of Contents

INDEX
 
 
 
Page
Number
 
 
 
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2
Item 3
Item 4
 
 
 
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1
Item 1A
Item 2
Item 3
Item 4
Item 5
Item 6
 
 
 
 
 
 


 

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
KLA-TENCOR CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
(In thousands)
March 31,
2018
 
June 30,
2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,255,682

 
$
1,153,051

Marketable securities
1,634,300

 
1,863,689

Accounts receivable, net
660,455

 
571,117

Inventories
858,924

 
732,988

Other current assets
131,153

 
71,221

Total current assets
4,540,514

 
4,392,066

Land, property and equipment, net
284,496

 
283,975

Goodwill
349,998

 
349,526

Deferred income taxes
193,953

 
291,967

Purchased intangibles, net
15,376

 
18,963

Other non-current assets
213,847

 
195,676

Total assets
$
5,598,184

 
$
5,532,173

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
169,459

 
$
147,380

Deferred system profit
258,142

 
180,861

Unearned revenue
56,141

 
65,507

Current portion of long-term debt

 
249,983

Other current liabilities
716,693

 
649,431

Total current liabilities
1,200,435

 
1,293,162

Non-current liabilities:
 
 
 
Long-term debt
2,461,914

 
2,680,474

Unearned revenue
70,934

 
59,713

Other non-current liabilities
494,758

 
172,407

Total liabilities
4,228,041

 
4,205,756

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12 and Note 13)

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock and capital in excess of par value
561,677

 
529,283

Retained earnings
862,743

 
848,457

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(54,277
)
 
(51,323
)
Total stockholders’ equity
1,370,143

 
1,326,417

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
5,598,184

 
$
5,532,173

 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

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KLA-TENCOR CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
March 31,
 
March 31,
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
797,797

 
$
721,016

 
$
2,320,171

 
$
1,966,502

Service
223,497

 
192,793

 
646,526

 
574,865

Total revenues
1,021,294

 
913,809

 
2,966,697

 
2,541,367

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs of revenues
368,688

 
343,274

 
1,069,471

 
939,617

Research and development
153,284

 
130,170

 
456,761

 
390,315

Selling, general and administrative
113,518

 
96,252

 
326,777

 
284,172

Interest expense
28,119

 
30,472

 
86,067

 
91,828

Other expense (income), net
(8,298
)
 
(5,508
)
 
(21,821
)
 
(12,779
)
Income before income taxes
365,983

 
319,149

 
1,049,442

 
848,214

Provision for income taxes
59,102

 
65,587

 
595,944

 
178,300

Net income
$
306,881

 
$
253,562

 
$
453,498

 
$
669,914

Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.96

 
$
1.62

 
$
2.90

 
$
4.28

Diluted
$
1.95

 
$
1.61

 
$
2.88

 
$
4.26

Cash dividends declared per share
$
0.59

 
$
0.54

 
$
1.77

 
$
1.60

Weighted-average number of shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
156,221

 
156,749

 
156,547

 
156,402

Diluted
157,201

 
157,746

 
157,539

 
157,297


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

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KLA-TENCOR CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)

 
Three months ended
 
Nine months ended
 
March 31,
 
March 31,
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income
$
306,881

 
$
253,562

 
$
453,498

 
$
669,914

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in currency translation adjustments
4,238

 
7,375

 
10,617

 
(6
)
Change in income tax benefit or expense
(667
)
 
(1,642
)
 
(3,006
)
 
226

Net change related to currency translation adjustments
3,571

 
5,733

 
7,611

 
220

Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in net unrealized gains or losses
(581
)
 
(3,526
)
 
560

 
8,605

Reclassification adjustments for net gains or losses included in net income (loss)
(694
)
 
(2,288
)
 
(3,775
)
 
396

Change in income tax benefit or expense
369

 
2,091

 
1,045

 
(3,238
)
Net change related to cash flow hedges
(906
)
 
(3,723
)
 
(2,170
)
 
5,763

Net change related to unrecognized losses and transition obligations in connection with defined benefit plans
(28
)
 
152

 
(121
)
 
1,216

Available-for-sale securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in net unrealized gains or losses
(5,723
)
 
1,278

 
(10,919
)
 
(8,636
)
Reclassification adjustments for net gains or losses included in net income (loss)
(2
)
 
53

 
61

 
(181
)
Change in income tax benefit or expense
1,333

 
(221
)
 
2,584

 
1,419

Net change related to available-for-sale securities
(4,392
)
 
1,110

 
(8,274
)
 
(7,398
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
(1,755
)
 
3,272

 
(2,954
)
 
(199
)
Total comprehensive income
$
305,126

 
$
256,834

 
$
450,544

 
$
669,715


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

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KLA-TENCOR CORPORATION
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
453,498

 
$
669,914

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
47,695

 
43,512

Asset impairment charges
1,000

 
358

Non-cash stock-based compensation expense
43,980

 
36,458

Net (gain) loss on sales of marketable securities and other investments
47

 
(832
)
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of business acquisition:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
(78,592
)
 
(127,136
)
Inventories
(109,672
)
 
(13,969
)
Other assets
16,917

 
(27,589
)
Accounts payable
21,375

 
33,256

Deferred system profit
77,281

 
14,965

Other liabilities
382,078

 
(11,909
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
855,607

 
617,028

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisition of non-marketable securities
(3,377
)
 
(2,370
)
Business acquisition
(5,490
)
 

Capital expenditures, net
(44,119
)
 
(27,926
)
Proceeds from sale of assets

 
2,582

Purchases of available-for-sale securities
(438,673
)
 
(1,212,600
)
Proceeds from sale of available-for-sale securities
165,030

 
364,430

Proceeds from maturity of available-for-sale securities
489,569

 
471,724

Purchases of trading securities
(65,160
)
 
(87,831
)
Proceeds from sale of trading securities
67,063

 
85,464

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
164,843

 
(406,527
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from revolving credit facility, net of debt issuance costs
248,693

 

Repayment of debt
(721,250
)
 
(105,000
)
Issuance of common stock
20,571

 
23,694

Tax withholding payments related to vested and released restricted stock units
(26,623
)
 
(19,169
)
Common stock repurchases
(165,078
)
 

Payment of dividends to stockholders
(285,030
)
 
(259,356
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(928,717
)
 
(359,831
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
10,898

 
(3,351
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
102,631

 
(152,681
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
1,153,051

 
1,108,488

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
1,255,682

 
$
955,807

Supplemental cash flow disclosures:
 
 
 
Income taxes paid, net
$
221,797

 
$
190,165

Interest paid
$
61,028

 
$
63,133

Non-cash activities:
 
 
 
Purchase of land, property and equipment, net - investing activities
$
9,728

 
$
3,218

Dividends payable - financing activities
$
8,408

 
$
12,643

 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

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KLA-TENCOR CORPORATION
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Basis of Presentation. The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal, recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income (loss), and cash flows for the periods indicated. These financial statements and notes, however, should be read in conjunction with Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, filed with the SEC on August 4, 2017.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of KLA-Tencor and its majority-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
The results of operations for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full fiscal year ending June 30, 2018.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet and notes to conform to the current year presentation. The reclassifications had no effect on the prior year’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, Comprehensive Income and Cash Flows.
Proposed Merger with Orbotech, Ltd.
On March 18, 2018, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Orbotech, Ltd. (“Orbotech”) under which KLA-Tencor will acquire Orbotech for $38.86 in cash and 0.25 of a share of KLA-Tencor common stock in exchange for each ordinary share of Orbotech, which at the time of announcement valued Orbotech at $3.2 billion in enterprise value. The merger contemplated by the Merger Agreement (the “Orbotech Merger”) is subject to approval by Orbotech’s shareholders, receipt of required regulatory approvals and satisfaction of the other customary closing conditions.
Management Estimates. The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions in applying the Company’s accounting policies that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities) at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Revenue Recognition. The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the selling price is fixed or determinable, and collectibility is reasonably assured. The Company derives revenue from three sources—sales of systems, spare parts and services. In general, the Company recognizes revenue for systems when the system has been installed, is operating according to predetermined specifications and is accepted by the customer. When the Company has demonstrated a history of successful installation and acceptance, the Company recognizes revenue upon delivery and customer acceptance. Under certain circumstances, however, the Company recognizes revenue prior to acceptance from the customer, as follows:
When the customer fab has previously accepted the same tool, with the same specifications, and when the Company can objectively demonstrate that the tool meets all of the required acceptance criteria.
When system sales to independent distributors have no installation requirement, contain no acceptance agreement, and 100% of the payment is due based upon shipment.
When the installation of the system is deemed perfunctory.
When the customer withholds acceptance due to issues unrelated to product performance, in which case revenue is recognized when the system is performing as intended and meets predetermined specifications.
In circumstances in which the Company recognizes revenue prior to installation, the portion of revenue associated with installation is deferred based on estimated fair value, and that revenue is recognized upon completion of the installation.

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In many instances, products are sold in stand-alone arrangements. Services are sold separately through renewals of annual maintenance contracts. The Company has multiple element revenue arrangements in cases where certain elements of a sales arrangement are not delivered and accepted in one reporting period. To determine the relative fair value of each element in a revenue arrangement, the Company allocates arrangement consideration based on the selling price hierarchy. For substantially all of the arrangements with multiple deliverables pertaining to products and services, the Company uses vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) or third-party evidence (“TPE”) to allocate the selling price to each deliverable. The Company determines TPE based on historical prices charged for products and services when sold on a stand-alone basis. When the Company is unable to establish relative selling price using VSOE or TPE, the Company uses estimated selling price (“ESP”) in its allocation of arrangement consideration. The objective of ESP is to determine the price at which the Company would transact a sale if the product or service were sold on a stand-alone basis. ESP could potentially be used for new or customized products. The Company regularly reviews relative selling prices and maintains internal controls over the establishment and updates of these estimates.
In a multiple element revenue arrangement, the Company defers revenue recognition associated with the relative fair value of each undelivered element until that element is delivered to the customer. To be considered a separate element, the product or service in question must represent a separate unit of accounting, which means that such product or service must fulfill the following criteria: (a) the delivered item(s) has value to the customer on a stand-alone basis; and (b) if the arrangement includes a general right of return relative to the delivered item(s), delivery or performance of the undelivered item(s) is considered probable and substantially in the control of the Company. If the arrangement does not meet all the above criteria, the entire amount of the sales contract is deferred until all elements are accepted by the customer.
Trade-in rights are occasionally granted to customers to trade in tools in connection with subsequent purchases. The Company estimates the value of the trade-in right and reduces the revenue recognized on the initial sale. This amount is recognized at the earlier of the exercise of the trade-in right or the expiration of the trade-in right.
The Company enters into volume purchase agreements with some of its customers. The Company accrues the estimated credits earned by its customers for such incentives, and in situations when the credit levels vary depending upon sales volume, the Company updates its accrual based on the amount that the Company estimates will be purchased pursuant to the volume purchase agreements. Accruals for customer credits are recorded as an offset to revenue or deferred revenue.
 Spare parts revenue is recognized when the parts have been shipped, risk of loss has passed to the customer and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured.
Service and maintenance contract revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the maintenance contract. Revenue from services performed in the absence of a maintenance contract, including consulting and training revenue, is recognized when the related services are performed and collectibility is reasonably assured.
The Company sells stand-alone software that is subject to software revenue recognition guidance. The Company periodically reviews selling prices to determine whether VSOE exists, and in situations where the Company is unable to establish VSOE for undelivered elements such as post-contract service, revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the service contract.
The Company also defers the fair value of non-standard warranty bundled with equipment sales as unearned revenue. Non-standard warranty includes services incremental to the standard 40-hour per week coverage for 12 months. Non-standard warranty is recognized ratably as revenue when the applicable warranty term period commences.
The deferred system profit balance equals the value of products that have been shipped and billed to customers which have not met the Company’s revenue recognition criteria, less applicable product and warranty costs. Deferred system profit does not include the profit associated with product shipments to certain customers in Japan, to whom title does not transfer until customer acceptance. Shipments to such customers in Japan are classified as inventory at cost until the time of acceptance.

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements.
Recently Adopted
In July 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued an accounting standard update for the subsequent measurement of inventory. The amended guidance requires entities to measure inventory at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. The requirement would replace the current lower of cost or market evaluation and the accounting guidance is unchanged for inventory measured using last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) or the retail inventory method. The Company adopted this update beginning in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2018 on a prospective basis and there was no impact of adoption on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
Updates Not Yet Effective
In May 2014, the FASB issued an accounting standard update regarding revenue from customer contracts to transfer goods and services or non-financial assets unless the contracts are covered by other standards (for example, insurance or lease contracts). Under the new guidance, an entity should recognize revenue in connection with the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that the entity expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services. In addition, the new standard requires that reporting companies disclose the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. The new standard may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented (“full retrospective transition method”) or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of adoption (“modified retrospective transition method”). The FASB has also issued several amendments to the standard since its initial issuance. The Company intends to adopt the new standard in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2019 and elected a modified retrospective transition method to be applied to completed and incomplete contracts as of the adoption date.
To address the significant implementation requirements of the accounting standard update, the Company has established a revenue project steering committee and cross-functional implementation team for the implementation of the standard, including a review of all significant revenue arrangements to identify any differences in the timing, measurement, presentation of revenue recognition including new disclosure requirements.
The Company has completed its preliminary assessment of the potential impact that the implementation of this new standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and believes the most significant impact may include the following:

The Company will account for the standard 12-month warranty for a majority of its products that is not separately paid for by the customers as a performance obligation since the Company provides for necessary repairs as well as preventive maintenance services for such products. The estimated fair value of the service will be deferred and recognized ratably as revenue over the warranty period.

The Company will generally recognize revenue for its products at a point of time based on judgment of whether or not the Company has satisfied its performance obligation by transferring control of the product to the customer. In evaluating whether or not control has been transferred to the customer, the Company will consider whether or not certain indicators have been met. Not all of the indicators need to be met for the Company to conclude that control has transferred to the customer. The Company will be required to use significant judgment to evaluate whether or not the factors indicate that the customer has obtained control of the product and the following factors will be considered in evaluating whether or not control has transferred to the customer: the Company has a present right to payment; the customer has legal title; the customer has physical possession; the customer has significant risk and rewards of ownership; and the customer has accepted the product, or whether customer acceptance is considered a formality based on history of acceptance of similar products.

The Company will recognize revenue for software licenses at the time of delivery since the VSOE requirement for undelivered element such as post-contract support is eliminated and companies are allowed to use established or best estimate selling price for the undelivered element to allocate and defer the revenue. As a result, the Company will recognize as revenue a portion of the sales price upon delivery of the software, compared to the current practice of recognizing the entire sales price ratably over the term of the service contract due to the lack of VSOE.
The Company will continue to assess the impact of the new standard, including potential changes to the accounting policies, business processes, systems and internal controls over financial reporting and its preliminary assessment of the impact is subject to change.

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In January 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard update that changes the accounting for financial instruments primarily related to equity investments (other than those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee), financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. The accounting standard update is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard update which amends the existing accounting standards for leases. Consistent with current guidance, the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee primarily will depend on its classification. Under the new guidance, a lessee will be required to recognize assets and liabilities for all leases with lease terms of more than 12 months. The update is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2020 using a modified retrospective transition method. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard update that changes the accounting for recognizing impairments of financial assets. Under the update, credit losses for certain types of financial instruments will be estimated based on expected losses. The update also modifies the impairment models for available-for-sale debt securities and for purchased financial assets with credit deterioration since their origination. The update is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2021, with early adoption permitted starting in the first quarter of fiscal year ending June 30, 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In October 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standard update to recognize the income tax consequences of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory when they occur. This eliminates the exception to postpone recognition until the asset has been sold to an outside party. This standard is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, and early adoption is permitted. It is required to be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to the balance sheet as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued an accounting standard update to simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill by removing the second step of the two-step impairment test, which requires an entity to determine the fair value of assets and liabilities similar to what is required in a purchase price allocation. Under the update, goodwill impairment will be calculated as the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value. This standard is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2021 and requires a prospective approach to adoption. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued an accounting standard on clarifying the definition of a business, with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The standard is effective for the Company for its fiscal year ending June 30, 2019.  The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its consolidated financial statements. 
In March 2017, the FASB issued an accounting standard update that changes the statements of operation classification of net periodic benefit cost related to defined benefit pension and/or other postretirement benefit plans. Under the update, employers will present the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost in the same statements of operations line item(s) as other employee compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period. Only the service cost component will be eligible for capitalization in assets. Employers will present the other components of the net periodic benefit costs separately from the line item(s) that includes the service cost and outside of any subtotal of operating income, if one is presented. The standard is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2019 and early adoption is permitted. It is required to be applied retrospectively, except for the provision regarding capitalization in assets which is required to be applied prospectively. The Company does not expect the update to have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In May 2017, the FASB issued an accounting standard update regarding stock compensation that provides guidance about which changes to the terms and conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in order to reduce diversity in practice and reduce complexity.   The update is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of the Company’s fiscal year ending June 30, 2019 and should be applied prospectively with early adoption permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its consolidated financial statements.

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In August 2017, the FASB issued an accounting standard update to hedge accounting to better align the Company’s risk management activities by refining financial and non-financial hedging strategy eligibilities. This update also amends the presentation and disclosure requirements to increase transparency to better understand an entity’s risk exposures and how hedging strategies are used to manage those exposures. This standard update is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2020, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In February 2018, the FASB issued an accounting standard update that provides an option to reclassify disproportional tax effects and other income tax effects (“stranded tax effects”) caused by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“the Act”) from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. This standard update is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending June 30, 2020, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard update on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
NOTE 2 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company’s financial assets and liabilities are measured and recorded at fair value, except for its debt and certain equity investments in privately-held companies. These equity investments are generally accounted for under the cost method of accounting and are periodically assessed for other-than-temporary impairment when an event or circumstance indicates that an other-than-temporary decline in value may have occurred. The Company’s non-financial assets, such as goodwill, intangible assets, and land, property and equipment, are recorded at cost and are assessed for impairment when an event or circumstance indicates that an other-than-temporary decline in value may have occurred.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments. KLA-Tencor has evaluated the estimated fair value of financial instruments using available market information and valuations as provided by third-party sources. The use of different market assumptions and/or estimation methodologies could have a significant effect on the estimated fair value amounts. The fair value of the Company’s cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and other current assets and liabilities approximate their carrying amounts due to the relatively short maturity of these items.
Fair Value Hierarchy. The authoritative guidance for fair value measurements establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:
Level 1
  
Valuations based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity has the ability to access.
 
 
 
Level 2
  
Valuations based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
 
 
Level 3
  
Valuations based on inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
A financial instrument’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
The Company’s financial instruments were classified within Level 1 or Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy as of March 31, 2018, because they were valued using quoted market prices, broker/dealer quotes or alternative pricing sources with observable levels of price transparency. As of March 31, 2018, the types of instruments valued based on quoted market prices in active markets included money market funds, certain U.S. Treasury securities and U.S. Government agency securities. Such instruments are generally classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.
As of March 31, 2018, the types of instruments valued based on other observable inputs included corporate debt securities, certain U.S. Treasury securities, and sovereign securities. The market inputs used to value these instruments generally consist of market yields, reported trades and broker/dealer quotes. Such instruments are generally classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
The principal market in which the Company executes its foreign currency contracts is the institutional market in an over-the-counter environment with a relatively high level of price transparency. The market participants generally are large financial institutions. The Company’s foreign currency contracts’ valuation inputs are based on quoted prices and quoted pricing intervals from public data sources and do not involve management judgment. These contracts are typically classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

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Financial assets (excluding cash held in operating accounts and time deposits) and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, as of the date indicated below, were presented on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as follows:
As of March 31, 2018 (In thousands)
Total
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate debt securities
$
23,095

 
$

 
$
23,095

Money market funds and other
633,752

 
633,752

 

Marketable securities:
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate debt securities
873,986

 

 
873,986

Sovereign securities
17,681

 

 
17,681

U.S. Treasury securities
424,514

 
385,507

 
39,007

U.S. Government agency securities
313,137

 
313,137

 

Total cash equivalents and marketable securities(1)
2,286,165

 
1,332,396

 
953,769

Other current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets
2,318

 

 
2,318

Other non-current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Executive Deferred Savings Plan
194,756

 
142,392

 
52,364

Total financial assets(1)
$
2,483,239

 
$
1,474,788

 
$
1,008,451

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Other current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities
$
(4,577
)
 
$

 
$
(4,577
)
Total financial liabilities
$
(4,577
)
 
$

 
$
(4,577
)
________________
(1) Excludes cash of $553.2 million held in operating accounts and time deposits of $50.7 million as of March 31, 2018.


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Financial assets (excluding cash held in operating accounts and time deposits) and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, as of the date indicated below, were presented on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as follows:  
As of June 30, 2017 (In thousands)
Total
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
 
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate debt securities
$
76,472

 
$

 
$
76,472

Money market funds and other
616,039

 
616,039

 

U.S. Government agency securities
117,417

 

 
117,417

Sovereign securities
10,050

 

 
10,050

Marketable securities:
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate debt securities
1,042,723

 

 
1,042,723

Sovereign securities
42,515

 

 
42,515

U.S. Government agency securities
391,409

 
368,121

 
23,288

U.S. Treasury securities
373,299

 
373,299

 

Total cash equivalents and marketable securities(1)
2,669,924

 
1,357,459

 
1,312,465

Other current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets
5,931

 

 
5,931

Other non-current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Executive Deferred Savings Plan
182,150

 
136,145

 
46,005

Total financial assets(1)
$
2,858,005

 
$
1,493,604

 
$
1,364,401

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Other current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities
$
(1,275
)
 
$

 
$
(1,275
)
Total financial liabilities
$
(1,275
)
 
$

 
$
(1,275
)
________________
(1) Excludes cash of $307.4 million held in operating accounts and time deposits of $39.4 million as of June 30, 2017.
There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements during the nine months ended March 31, 2018. The Company generally did not have any assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis within Level 3 fair value measurements as of March 31, 2018 or June 30, 2017.



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Table of Contents

NOTE 3 – FINANCIAL STATEMENT COMPONENTS
Balance Sheet Components
(In thousands)
As of
March 31, 2018
 
As of
June 30, 2017
Accounts receivable, net:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, gross
$
672,099

 
$
592,753

Allowance for doubtful accounts
(11,644
)
 
(21,636
)
 
$
660,455

 
$
571,117

Inventories:
 
 
 
Customer service parts
$
250,851

 
$
245,172

Raw materials
293,275

 
240,389

Work-in-process
260,328

 
193,026

Finished goods
54,470

 
54,401

 
$
858,924

 
$
732,988

Other current assets:
 
 
 
Prepaid income tax and other taxes
$
71,741

 
$
22,071

Prepaid expenses
47,388

 
36,146

Other current assets
12,024

 
13,004

 
$
131,153

 
$
71,221

Land, property and equipment, net:
 
 
 
Land
$
40,615

 
$
40,617

Buildings and leasehold improvements
330,778

 
319,306

Machinery and equipment
577,020

 
551,277

Office furniture and fixtures
21,991

 
21,328

Construction-in-process
7,260

 
4,597

 
977,664

 
937,125

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
(693,168
)
 
(653,150
)
 
$
284,496

 
$
283,975

Other non-current assets:
 
 
 
Executive Deferred Savings Plan(1)
$
194,756

 
$
182,150

Other non-current assets
19,091

 
13,526

 
$
213,847

 
$
195,676

Other current liabilities:
 
 
 
Executive Deferred Savings Plan(1)
$
196,411

 
$
183,603

Compensation and benefits
182,200

 
172,707

Customer credits and advances
109,991

 
95,188

Other accrued expenses
105,189

 
116,039

Warranty
43,111

 
45,458

Interest payable
42,342

 
19,396

Income taxes payable
37,449

 
17,040

 
$
716,693

 
$
649,431

Other non-current liabilities:
 
 
 
Income taxes payable
$
382,891

 
$
68,439

Pension liabilities
78,532

 
72,801

Other non-current liabilities
33,335

 
31,167

 
$
494,758

 
$
172,407



14

Table of Contents

________________
(1)
KLA-Tencor has a non-qualified deferred compensation plan (known as “Executive Deferred Savings Plan”) under which certain executives and non-employee directors may defer a portion of their compensation. Participants are credited with returns based on their allocation of their account balances among measurement funds. The Company controls the investment of these funds, and the participants remain general creditors of the Company. The Company invests these funds in certain mutual funds and such investments are classified as trading securities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Distributions from the Executive Deferred Savings Plan commence following a participant’s retirement or termination of employment or on a specified date allowed per the Executive Deferred Savings Plan provisions, except in cases where such distributions are required to be delayed in order to avoid a prohibited distribution under Internal Revenue Code Section 409A. Participants can generally elect the distributions to be paid in lump sum or quarterly cash payments over a scheduled period for up to 15 years and are allowed to make subsequent changes to their existing elections as permissible under the Executive Deferred Savings Plan provisions. Changes in the Executive Deferred Savings Plan liability are recorded in selling, general and administrative expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The expense associated with changes in the liability included in selling, general and administrative expense was $0.9 million and $7.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively and $14.7 million for each of the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. Changes in the Executive Deferred Savings Plan assets are recorded as gains (losses), net in selling, general and administrative expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The amount of net gains included in selling, general and administrative expense was $0.5 million and $7.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively and $14.4 million and $14.5 million during the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”) as of the dates indicated below were as follows:
(In thousands)
Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Available-for-Sale Securities
 
Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Defined Benefit Plans
 
Total
Balance as of March 31, 2018
$
(23,043
)
 
$
(12,143
)
 
$
3,051

 
$
(22,142
)
 
$
(54,277
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of June 30, 2017
$
(30,654
)
 
$
(3,869
)
 
$
5,221

 
$
(22,021
)
 
$
(51,323
)
The effects on net income of amounts reclassified from accumulated OCI to the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the indicated period were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Location in the Condensed Consolidated
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
Accumulated OCI Components
 
Statements of Operations
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedges from foreign exchange and interest rate contracts
 
Revenues
 
$
(65
)
 
$
2,441

 
$
1,300

 
$
(465
)
 
 
Costs of revenues
 
570

 
(342
)
 
1,908

 
(498
)
 
 
Interest expense
 
189

 
189

 
567

 
567

 
 
Net gains (losses) reclassified from accumulated OCI
 
$
694

 
$
2,288

 
$
3,775

 
$
(396
)
Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities
 
Other expense (income), net
 
$
2

 
$
(53
)
 
$
(61
)
 
$
181

The amounts reclassified out of accumulated OCI related to the Company’s defined benefit pension plans, which were recognized as a component of net periodic cost for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018 were $0.4 million and $1.2 million, respectively. The amounts reclassified out of accumulated OCI related to the Company’s defined benefit pension plans, which were recognized as a component of net periodic cost for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2017 were $0.3 million and $1.6 million, respectively. For additional details, refer to Note 11, “Employee Benefit Plans” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017.

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Table of Contents

NOTE 4 – MARKETABLE SECURITIES
The amortized cost and fair value of marketable securities as of the dates indicated below were as follows:
As of March 31, 2018 (In thousands)
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
Corporate debt securities
$
905,363

 
$
132

 
$
(8,414
)
 
$
897,081

Money market funds and other
633,752

 

 

 
633,752

Sovereign securities
17,823

 
(1
)
 
(141
)
 
17,681

U.S. Government agency securities
316,223

 
14

 
(3,100
)
 
313,137

U.S. Treasury securities
428,375

 
5

 
(3,866
)
 
424,514

Subtotal
2,301,536

 
150

 
(15,521
)
 
2,286,165

Add: Time deposits(1)
50,658

 

 

 
50,658

Less: Cash equivalents
702,530

 

 
(7
)
 
702,523

Marketable securities
$
1,649,664

 
$
150

 
$
(15,514
)
 
$
1,634,300

As of June 30, 2017 (In thousands)
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
Corporate debt securities
$
1,120,548

 
$
598

 
$
(1,951
)
 
$
1,119,195

Money market funds and other
616,039

 

 

 
616,039

Sovereign securities
52,621

 

 
(56
)
 
52,565

U.S. Government agency securities
510,553

 
62

 
(1,789
)
 
508,826

U.S. Treasury securities
374,676

 
52

 
(1,429
)
 
373,299

Subtotal
2,674,437

 
712

 
(5,225
)
 
2,669,924

Add: Time deposits(1)
39,389

 

 

 
39,389

Less: Cash equivalents
845,639

 

 
(15
)
 
845,624

Marketable securities
$
1,868,187

 
$
712

 
$
(5,210
)
 
$
1,863,689

________________
(1)
Time deposits excluded from fair value measurements.
KLA-Tencor’s investment portfolio consists of both corporate and government securities that have a maximum maturity of three years. The longer the duration of these securities, the more susceptible they are to changes in market interest rates and bond yields. As yields increase, those securities with a lower yield-at-cost show a mark-to-market unrealized loss. All unrealized losses are due to changes in market interest rates, bond yields and/or credit ratings. The Company believes that it has the ability to realize the full value of all of these investments upon maturity. The following table summarizes the fair value and gross unrealized losses of the Company’s investments that were in an unrealized loss position as of the date indicated below: 
As of March 31, 2018 (In thousands)
Fair Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses(1)
Corporate debt securities
$
773,988

 
$
(8,407
)
U.S. Treasury securities
400,675

 
(3,866
)
U.S. Government agency securities
307,473

 
(3,100
)
Sovereign securities
17,682

 
(141
)
Total
$
1,499,818

 
$
(15,514
)
__________________ 
(1)
As of March 31, 2018, the amount of total gross unrealized losses related to investments that had been in a continuous loss position for 12 months or more was $6.3 million.


16

Table of Contents

The contractual maturities of securities classified as available-for-sale, regardless of their classification on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, as of the date indicated below were as follows:
As of March 31, 2018 (In thousands)
Amortized Cost
 
Fair Value
Due within one year
$
691,007

 
$
687,946

Due after one year through three years
958,657

 
946,354

 
$
1,649,664

 
$
1,634,300

Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties. Realized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were immaterial.

NOTE 5 - BUSINESS COMBINATION
On June 9, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of the outstanding shares of a privately-held company that designs and manufactures optical profilers and inspection systems for advanced semiconductor packaging, LED and data storage industries, for total purchase consideration paid of $37.1 million, inclusive of post-closing working capital adjustments. The primary reason for the acquisition is to expand the Company’s portfolio of products.

The following table represents the preliminary purchase price allocation and summarizes the aggregate estimated fair value of the net assets acquired, including a post-closing working capital adjustment:
(In thousands)
Preliminary Purchase Price Allocation
Intangible assets
$
17,660

Goodwill
14,764

Assets acquired (including cash and marketable securities of $3.2 million)
5,981

Liabilities assumed
(1,334
)
  Fair value of net assets acquired
$
37,071


Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired. The $14.8 million of goodwill was assigned to the Global Service and Support (“GSS”), and the Other reporting units. None of the goodwill recognized is deductible for income tax purposes.
NOTE 6 – GOODWILL AND PURCHASED INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired in prior business combinations. The Company has four reporting units: Wafer Inspection, Patterning, Global Service and Support, and Others. The following table presents goodwill balances and the movements by reporting unit during the nine months ended March 31, 2018:
(In thousands)
 
Wafer Inspection
 
Patterning
 
GSS
 
Others
 
Total
Balance as of June 30, 2017
 
$
281,095

 
$
53,255

 
$
2,856

 
$
12,320

 
$
349,526

Foreign currency and other adjustments
 
(12
)
 

 
97

 
387

 
472

Balance as of March 31, 2018
 
$
281,083

 
$
53,255

 
$
2,953

 
$
12,707

 
$
349,998

Goodwill is net of accumulated impairment losses of $277.6 million, which were recorded prior to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014.

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Table of Contents

The Company performed a qualitative assessment of the goodwill by reporting unit during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and concluded that it was more likely than not that the fair value of each of the reporting units exceeded its carrying amount. As a result of the Company’s determination following its qualitative assessment, it was not necessary to perform the quantitative goodwill impairment test at this time. In assessing the qualitative factors, the Company considered the impact of key factors, including changes in the industry and competitive environment, market capitalization, stock price, earnings multiples, budgeted-to-actual revenue performance from prior year, gross margin and cash flows from operating activities.
Based on the Company’s assessment, goodwill in the reporting units was not impaired as of March 31, 2018 or June 30, 2017.
Purchased Intangible Assets
The components of purchased intangible assets as of the dates indicated below were as follows:
(In thousands)
 
 
As of
March 31, 2018
 
As of
June 30, 2017
Category
Range of
Useful Lives
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
and
Impairment
 
Net
Amount
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
and
Impairment
 
Net
Amount
Existing technology
4-7 years
 
$
157,259

 
$
143,516

 
$
13,743

 
$
157,259

 
$
140,346

 
$
16,913

Trade name/Trademark
7 years
 
20,993

 
20,021

 
972

 
20,993

 
19,902

 
1,091

Customer relationships
7-8 years
 
55,680

 
55,061

 
619

 
55,680

 
54,959

 
721

Backlog
<1 year
 
260

 
218

 
42

 
260

 
22

 
238

Total
 
 
$
234,192

 
$
218,816

 
$
15,376

 
$
234,192

 
$
215,229

 
$
18,963

Intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or asset group may not be recoverable.
For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, amortization expense for purchased intangible assets was $1.2 million and $0.5 million, respectively. For the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, amortization expense for purchased intangible assets was $3.6 million and $2.3 million, respectively. Based on the intangible assets recorded as of March 31, 2018, and assuming no subsequent additions to, or impairment of, the underlying assets, the remaining estimated amortization expense is expected to be as follows:
Fiscal year ending June 30:
Amortization
(In thousands)
2018 (remaining 3 months)
$
664

2019
2,486

2020
2,486

2021
2,486

2022
2,486

Thereafter
4,768

Total
$
15,376


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Table of Contents

NOTE 7 – DEBT
The following table summarizes the debt of the Company as of March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017:
 
As of March 31, 2018
 
As of June 30, 2017
 
Amount
(In thousands)
 
Effective
Interest Rate
 
Amount
(In thousands)
 
Effective
Interest Rate
Fixed-rate 2.375% Senior notes due on November 1, 2017
$

 
%
 
$
250,000

 
2.396
%
Fixed-rate 3.375% Senior notes due on November 1, 2019
250,000

 
3.377
%
 
250,000

 
3.377
%
Fixed-rate 4.125% Senior notes due on November 1, 2021
500,000

 
4.128
%
 
500,000

 
4.128
%
Fixed-rate 4.650% Senior notes due on November 1, 2024(1)
1,250,000

 
4.682
%
 
1,250,000

 
4.682
%
Fixed-rate 5.650% Senior notes due on November 1, 2034
250,000

 
5.670
%
 
250,000

 
5.670
%
Term loans

 
%
 
446,250

 
2.137
%
Revolving Credit Facility
225,000

 
2.913
%
 

 
%
Total debt
2,475,000

 
 
 
2,946,250

 
 
Unamortized discount
(2,614
)
 
 
 
(2,901
)
 
 
Unamortized debt issuance costs
(10,472
)
 
 
 
(12,892
)
 
 
Total debt
$
2,461,914

 
 
 
$
2,930,457

 
 
Reported as:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$

 
 
 
$
249,983

 
 
Long-term debt
2,461,914

 
 
 
2,680,474

 
 
 Total debt
$
2,461,914

 
 
 
$
2,930,457

 
 
__________________ 
(1)
The effective interest rate disclosed above for this series of Senior Notes excludes the impact of the treasury rate lock hedge discussed below. The effective interest rate including the impact of the treasury rate lock hedge was 4.626%.
As of March 31, 2018, future principal payments for the debt are summarized as follows:
Fiscal year ending June 30:
Amount
(In thousands)
2018 (remaining 3 months)
$

2019

2020
250,000

2021

2022
500,000

Thereafter
1,725,000

Total payments
$
2,475,000


19

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Senior Notes:
In November 2014, the Company issued $2.50 billion aggregate principal amount of senior, unsecured long-term notes (collectively referred to as “Senior Notes”). The Company issued the Senior Notes as part of the leveraged recapitalization plan under which the proceeds from the Senior Notes in conjunction with the proceeds from the term loans (described below) and cash on hand were used (x) to fund a special cash dividend of $16.50 per share, aggregating to approximately $2.76 billion, (y) to redeem $750.0 million of 2018 Senior Notes, including associated redemption premiums, accrued interest and other fees and expenses and (z) for other general corporate purposes, including repurchases of shares pursuant to the Company’s stock repurchase program. The interest rate specified for each series of the Senior Notes will be subject to adjustments from time to time if Moody’s Investor Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”) or Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services (“S&P”) or, under certain circumstances, a substitute rating agency selected by us as a replacement for Moody’s or S&P, as the case may be (a “Substitute Rating Agency”), downgrades (or subsequently upgrades) its rating assigned to the respective series of Senior Notes such that the adjusted rating is below investment grade. If the adjusted rating of any series of Senior Notes from Moody’s (or, if applicable, any Substitute Rating Agency) is decreased to Ba1, Ba2, Ba3 or B1 or below, the stated interest rate on such series of Senior Notes as noted above will increase by 25 bps, 50 bps, 75 bps or 100 bps, respectively (“bps” refers to Basis Points and 1% is equal to 100 bps). If the rating of any series of Senior Notes from S&P (or, if applicable, any Substitute Rating Agency) with respect to such series of Senior Notes is decreased to BB+, BB, BB- or B+ or below, the stated interest rate on such series of Senior Notes as noted above will increase by 25 bps, 50 bps, 75 bps or 100 bps, respectively. The interest rates on any series of Senior Notes will permanently cease to be subject to any adjustment (notwithstanding any subsequent decrease in the ratings by any of Moody’s, S&P and, if applicable, any Substitute Rating Agency) if such series of Senior Notes becomes rated “Baa1” (or its equivalent) or higher by Moody’s (or, if applicable, any Substitute Rating Agency) and “BBB+” (or its equivalent) or higher by S&P (or, if applicable, any Substitute Rating Agency), or one of those ratings if rated by only one of Moody’s, S&P and, if applicable, any Substitute Rating Agency, in each case with a stable or positive outlook. In October 2014, the Company entered into a series of forward contracts to lock the 10-year treasury rate (“benchmark rate”) on a portion of the Senior Notes with a notional amount of $1.00 billion in aggregate. For additional details, refer to Note 14, “Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.”
The original discount on the Senior Notes amounted to $4.0 million and is being amortized over the life of the debt. Interest is payable semi-annually on May 1 and November 1 of each year. The debt indenture (the “Indenture”) includes covenants that limit the Company’s ability to grant liens on its facilities and enter into sale and leaseback transactions, subject to certain allowances under which certain sale and leaseback transactions are not restricted.
In certain circumstances involving a change of control followed by a downgrade of the rating of a series of Senior Notes by at least two of Moody’s, S&P and Fitch Inc., unless the Company has exercised its right to redeem the Senior Notes of such series, the Company will be required to make an offer to repurchase all or, at the holder’s option, any part, of each holder’s Senior Notes of that series pursuant to the offer described below (the “Change of Control Offer”). In the Change of Control Offer, the Company will be required to offer payment in cash equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount of Senior Notes repurchased plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on the Senior Notes repurchased, up to, but not including, the date of repurchase.
Based on the trading prices of the Senior Notes on the applicable dates, the fair value of the Senior Notes as of March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017 was approximately $2.35 billion and $2.67 billion, respectively. While the Senior Notes are recorded at cost, the fair value of the long-term debt was determined based on quoted prices in markets that are not active; accordingly, the long-term debt is categorized as Level 2 for purposes of the fair value measurement hierarchy.
As of March 31, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all of its covenants under the Indenture associated with the Senior Notes.

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Credit Facility (Term Loans and Unfunded Revolving Credit Facility) and Revolving Credit Facility:
In November 2014, the Company entered into $750.0 million of five-year senior unsecured prepayable term loans and a $500.0 million unfunded revolving credit facility (collectively, the “Credit Facility”).
In November 2017, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) providing for a $750.0 million five-year unsecured revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”), which replaced its prior Credit Facility. Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreement, the Revolving Credit Facility may be increased in an amount up to $250.0 million in the aggregate. During the third quarter of the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018, the Company made a principal payment of $25.0 million. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had outstanding $225.0 million aggregate principal amount of borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility.
The Company may borrow, repay and reborrow funds under the Revolving Credit Facility until its maturity on November 30, 2022 (the “Maturity Date”), at which time such Revolving Credit Facility will terminate, and all outstanding loans under such facility, together with all accrued and unpaid interest, must be repaid. The Company may prepay the Revolving Credit Facility at any time without a prepayment penalty.
Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility will bear interest, at the Company’s option, at either: (i) the Alternative Base Rate (“ABR”) plus a spread, which ranges from 0 bps to 75 bps, or (ii) the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus a spread, which ranges from 100 bps to175 bps. The spreads under ABR and LIBOR are subject to adjustment in conjunction with credit rating downgrades or upgrades. The Company is also obligated to pay an annual commitment fee on the daily undrawn balance of the Revolving Credit Facility, which ranges from 10 bps to 25 bps, subject to an adjustment in conjunction with changes to the Company’s credit rating. As of March 31, 2018, the Company elected to pay interest on the borrowed amount under the Revolving Credit Facility at LIBOR plus a spread of 125 bps, and an annual commitment fee of 15 bps on the daily undrawn balance of the Revolving Credit Facility.
The Revolving Credit Facility requires the Company to maintain an interest expense coverage ratio as described in the Credit Agreement, on a quarterly basis, covering the trailing four consecutive fiscal quarters of no less than 3.50 to 1.00. In addition, the Company is required to maintain the maximum leverage ratio as described in the Credit Agreement, on a quarterly basis of 3.00 to 1.00, covering the trailing four consecutive fiscal quarters for each fiscal quarter, which can be increased to 4.00 to 1.00 for a period of time in connection with a material acquisition or a series of material acquisitions.
The Company was in compliance with all covenants under the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2018.
NOTE 8 – EQUITY AND LONG-TERM INCENTIVE COMPENSATION PLANS
Equity Incentive Program
As of March 31, 2018, the Company had two plans under which the Company was able to issue equity incentive awards, such as restricted stock units and stock options, to its employees, consultants and members of its Board of Directors: the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2004 Plan”) and the 1998 Director Plan (the “Outside Director Plan”).
2004 Plan:
The 2004 Plan provides for the grant of options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units, performance shares, performance units and deferred stock units to the Company’s employees, consultants and members of its Board of Directors. As of March 31, 2018, 2.5 million shares were available for issuance under the 2004 Plan.
Any 2004 Plan awards of restricted stock units, performance shares, performance units or deferred stock units with a per share or unit purchase price lower than 100% of fair market value on the grant date are counted against the total number of shares issuable under the 2004 Plan as follows, based on the grant date of the applicable award: (a) for any such awards granted before November 6, 2013, the awards counted against the 2004 Plan share reserve as 1.8 shares for every one share subject thereto; and (b) for any such awards granted on or after November 6, 2013, the awards count against the 2004 Plan share reserve as 2.0 shares for every one share subject thereto.
In addition, the plan administrator has the ability to grant “dividend equivalent” rights in connection with awards of restricted stock units, performance shares, performance units and deferred stock units before they are fully vested. The plan administrator, at its discretion, may grant a right to receive dividends on the aforementioned awards which may be settled in cash or Company stock at the discretion of the plan administrator subject to meeting the vesting requirement of the underlying awards.

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Outside Director Plan
The Outside Director Plan only permits the issuance of stock options to the non-employee members of the Board of Directors. As of March 31, 2018, 1.7 million shares were available for grant under the Outside Director Plan.
Equity Incentive Plans - General Information
The following table summarizes the combined activity under the Company’s equity incentive plans for the indicated periods:
(In thousands)
Available
For Grant(1)
Balance as of June 30, 2017
4,710

Restricted stock units granted (2)
(682
)
Restricted stock units granted adjustment (3)
33

Restricted stock units canceled
65

Balance as of March 31, 2018
4,126

__________________ 
(1)
The number of restricted stock units reflects the application of the award multiplier as described above (1.8x or 2.0x depending on the grant date of the applicable award).
(2)
Includes restricted stock units granted to senior management during the nine months ended March 31, 2018 with performance-based vesting criteria (in addition to service-based vesting criteria for any of such restricted stock units that are deemed to have been earned). As of March 31, 2018, it had not yet been determined the extent to which (if at all) the performance-based vesting criteria had been satisfied. Therefore, this line item includes all such performance-based restricted stock units granted during the nine months ended March 31, 2018, reported at the maximum possible number of shares that may ultimately be issuable if all applicable performance-based criteria are achieved at their maximum levels and all applicable service-based criteria are fully satisfied (0.3 million shares for the nine months ended March 31, 2018 reflects the application of the multiplier described above).
(3)
Represents the portion of restricted stock units granted with performance-based vesting criteria and reported at the actual number of shares issued upon achievement of the performance vesting criteria during the nine months ended March 31, 2018.
The fair value of stock-based awards is measured at the grant date and is recognized as an expense over the employee’s requisite service period. For restricted stock units granted without “dividend equivalent” rights, fair value is calculated using the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date, adjusted to exclude the present value of dividends which are not accrued on those restricted stock units. The fair value for restricted stock units granted with “dividend equivalent” rights is determined using the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. As of March 31, 2018, the Company accrued $8.4 million of dividends payable, which included both a special cash dividend and regular quarterly cash dividends for the unvested restricted stock units outstanding as of the dividend record date. The fair value for purchase rights under the Company’s Employee Stock Purchase Plan is determined using a Black-Scholes valuation model.
The following table shows pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for the indicated periods: 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Stock-based compensation expense by:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs of revenues
$
2,386

 
$
1,205

 
$
5,458

 
$
3,772

Research and development
3,185

 
1,999

 
7,631

 
6,072

Selling, general and administrative
10,639

 
9,332

 
30,891

 
26,614

Total stock-based compensation expense
$
16,210

 
$
12,536

 
$
43,980

 
$
36,458

The following table shows stock-based compensation capitalized as inventory as of the dates indicated below: 
(In thousands)
As of
March 31, 2018
 
As of
June 30, 2017
Inventory
$
4,323

 
$
2,820


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Restricted Stock Units
The following table shows the applicable number of restricted stock units and weighted-average grant date fair value for restricted stock units granted, vested and released, withheld for taxes, and forfeited during the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and restricted stock units outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017:
Restricted Stock Units
Shares(1)
(In thousands)
 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding restricted stock units as of June 30, 2017(2)
2,241

 
$
68.24

Granted(2)
341

 
$
91.84

Granted adjustments(3)
(17
)
 
$
74.26

Vested and released
(385
)
 
$
63.45

Withheld for taxes
(286
)
 
$
63.45

Forfeited
(32
)
 
$
66.75

Outstanding restricted stock units as of March 31, 2018(2)
1,862

 
$
74.26

__________________ 
(1)
Share numbers reflect actual shares subject to awarded restricted stock units. As described above, under the terms of the 2004 Plan, the number of shares subject to each award reflected in this number is multiplied by either 1.8x or 2.0x (depending on the grant date of the award) to calculate the impact of the award on the share reserve under the 2004 Plan.
(2)
Includes restricted stock units granted to senior management with performance-based vesting criteria (in addition to service-based vesting criteria for any of such restricted stock units that are deemed to have been earned). As of March 31, 2018, it had not yet been determined the extent to which (if at all) the performance-based vesting criteria had been satisfied. Therefore, this line item includes all such performance-based restricted stock units, reported at the maximum possible number of shares (0.3 million shares for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, 42 thousand shares for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 and 0.2 million shares for the nine months ended March 31, 2018) that may ultimately be issuable if all applicable performance-based criteria are achieved at their maximum and all applicable service-based criteria are fully satisfied.
(3)
Represents the portion of restricted stock units granted with performance-based vesting criteria and reported at the actual number of shares issued upon achievement of the performance vesting criteria during nine months ended March 31, 2018.

The restricted stock units granted by the Company generally vest (a) with respect to awards with only service-based vesting criteria, in three or four equal installments and (b) with respect to awards with both performance-based and service-based vesting criteria, in two equal installments on the third and fourth anniversaries of the grant date, in each case subject to the recipient remaining employed by the Company as of the applicable vesting date. The restricted stock units granted to the independent members of the board of directors vest annually. 
The following table shows the weighted-average grant date fair value per unit for the restricted stock units granted and the restricted stock units vested and tax benefits realized by the Company in connection with vested and released restricted stock units for the indicated periods: 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
(In thousands, except for weighted-average grant date fair value)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Weighted-average grant date fair value per unit
$
109.80

 
$
86.04

 
$
91.84

 
$
71.45

Grant date fair value of vested restricted stock units
$
745

 
$
2,769

 
$
42,601

 
$
33,820

Tax benefits realized by the Company in connection with vested and released restricted stock units
$
249

 
$
1,135

 
$
16,731

 
$
15,829


As of March 31, 2018, the unrecognized stock-based compensation expense balance related to restricted stock units was $93.9 million, excluding the impact of estimated forfeitures, and will be recognized over a weighted-average remaining contractual term and an estimated weighted-average amortization period of 1.4 years. The intrinsic value of outstanding restricted stock units as of March 31, 2018 was $202.9 million.

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Cash-Based Long-Term Incentive Compensation
The Company has adopted a cash-based long-term incentive (“Cash LTI”) program for many of its employees as part of the Company’s employee compensation program. During the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company approved Cash LTI awards of $5.9 million and $51.6 million, respectively under the Company’s Cash Long-Term Incentive Plan (“Cash LTI Plan”). The Company changed the timing of its annual grants for its employees resulting in the Cash LTI awards being lower during the nine months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the nine months ended March 31, 2017. Cash LTI awards issued to employees under the Cash LTI Plan will vest in three or four equal installments, with one-third or one-fourth of the aggregate amount of the Cash LTI award vesting on each anniversary of the grant date over a three or four-year period. In order to receive payments under a Cash LTI award, participants must remain employed by the Company as of the applicable award vesting date. Executives and non-employee Board members are not participating in this program. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $11.6 million and $11.3 million, respectively, in compensation expense under the Cash LTI Plan. During the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $37.9 million and $34.7 million, respectively, in compensation expense under the Cash LTI Plan. As of March 31, 2018, the unrecognized compensation balance (excluding the impact of estimated forfeitures) related to the Cash LTI Plan was $91.4 million.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
KLA-Tencor’s Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) provides, effective January 2, 2018, that eligible employees may contribute up to 15% of their eligible earnings toward the semi-annual purchase of KLA-Tencor’s common stock. Prior to January 2, 2018, eligible employees could contribute up to 10% of their eligible earnings. The ESPP is qualified under Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code. The employee’s purchase price is derived from a formula based on the closing price of the common stock on the first day of the offering period versus the closing price on the date of purchase (or, if not a trading day, on the immediately preceding trading day).
The offering period (or length of the look-back period) under the ESPP has a duration of six months, and the purchase price with respect to each offering period beginning on or after such date is, until otherwise amended, equal to 85% of the lesser of (i) the fair market value of the Company’s common stock at the commencement of the applicable six-month offering period or (ii) the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the purchase date. The Company estimates the fair value of purchase rights under the ESPP using a Black-Scholes valuation model.
The fair value of each purchase right under the ESPP was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option valuation model and the straight-line attribution approach with the following weighted-average assumptions: 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Stock purchase plan:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expected stock price volatility
31.5
%
 
26.1
%
 
28.7
%
 
23.4
%
Risk-free interest rate
1.3
%
 
0.5
%
 
1.1
%
 
0.5
%
Dividend yield
2.4
%
 
2.7
%
 
2.5
%
 
2.8
%
Expected life (in years)
0.5

 
0.5

 
0.5

 
0.5

The following table shows the tax benefits realized by the Company in connection with the disqualifying dispositions of shares purchased under the ESPP and the weighted-average fair value per share for the indicated periods: 
(In thousands, except for weighted-average fair value per share)
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Total cash received from employees for the issuance of shares under the ESPP
$

 
$

 
$
20,579

 
$
23,694

Number of shares purchased by employees through the ESPP

 

 
264

 
384

Tax benefits realized by the Company in connection with the disqualifying dispositions of shares purchased under the ESPP
$
787

 
$
1,035

 
$
1,681

 
$
1,957

Weighted-average fair value per share based on Black-Scholes model
$
23.61

 
$
16.47

 
$
21.89

 
$
15.14


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The ESPP shares are replenished annually on the first day of each fiscal year by virtue of an evergreen provision. The provision allows for share replenishment equal to the lesser of 2.0 million shares or the number of shares which KLA-Tencor estimates will be required to be issued under the ESPP during the forthcoming fiscal year. As of March 31, 2018, a total of 2.4 million shares were reserved and available for issuance under the ESPP.
Quarterly cash dividends
On February 1, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.59 per share on the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock, which was paid on March 1, 2018 to the stockholders of record as of the close of business on February 15, 2018. The total amount of regular quarterly cash dividends and dividend equivalents paid by the Company during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $92.1 million and $84.7 million, respectively. The total amount of regular quarterly cash dividends and dividend equivalents paid by the Company during the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $278.8 million and $250.8 million, respectively. The amount of accrued dividends payable for regular quarterly cash dividends on unvested restricted stock units with dividend equivalent rights as of March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017 was $5.6 million and $4.8 million, respectively. These amounts will be paid upon vesting of the underlying restricted stock units.
Special cash dividend
On November 19, 2014, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a special cash dividend of $16.50 per share on our outstanding common stock, which was paid on December 9, 2014 to the stockholders of record as of the close of business on December 1, 2014. The declaration and payment of the special cash dividend was part of the Company’s leveraged recapitalization transaction under which the special cash dividend was financed through a combination of existing cash and proceeds from the debt financing disclosed in Note 7, “Debt” that was completed during the three months ended December 31, 2014. As of the declaration date, the total amount of the special cash dividend accrued by the Company was approximately $2.76 billion, substantially all of which was paid out during the three months ended December 31, 2014, except for the aggregate special cash dividend of $43.0 million that was accrued for the unvested restricted stock units. As of March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2017, the Company had a total of $2.8 million and $9.0 million, respectively, of accrued dividends payable for the special cash dividend with respect to outstanding unvested restricted stock units, which will be paid when such underlying unvested restricted stock units vest. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the total special cash dividends paid with respect to vested restricted stock units were immaterial and $0.9 million, respectively. During the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the total special cash dividends paid with respect to vested restricted stock units were $6.3 million and $8.6 million, respectively. Other than the special cash dividend declared during the three months ended December 31, 2014, the Company historically has not declared any special cash dividend.
NOTE 9 – STOCK REPURCHASE PROGRAM
The Company’s Board of Directors has authorized a program for the Company to repurchase shares of the Company’s common stock. The intent of this program is to offset the dilution from KLA-Tencor’s equity incentive plans and employee stock purchase plan, as well as to return excess cash to the Company’s stockholders. Subject to market conditions, applicable legal requirements and other factors, the repurchases were made in the open market in compliance with applicable securities laws, including the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the rules promulgated thereunder, such as Rule 10b-18 and Rule 10b5-1. On March 16, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors canceled the existing repurchase program and authorized a new repurchase program which permits the Company to repurchase up to $1.00 billion of its common stock, or up to $2.00 billion if the Orbotech Merger closes. As of March 31, 2018, an aggregate of $1.00 billion was available for repurchases under the Company’s repurchase program.
Share repurchases for the indicated periods (based on the trade date of the applicable repurchase) were as follows:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Number of shares of common stock repurchased
796

 

 
1,618

 

Total cost of repurchases
$
83,435

 
$

 
$
165,078

 
$


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NOTE 10 – NET INCOME PER SHARE
Basic net income per share is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is calculated by using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period, increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock that would have been outstanding if the shares of common stock underlying the Company’s outstanding dilutive restricted stock units and stock options had been issued. The dilutive effect of outstanding restricted stock units and options is reflected in diluted net income per share by application of the treasury stock method.
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per share:
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
306,881

 
$
253,562

 
$
453,498

 
$
669,914

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares-basic, excluding unvested restricted stock units
156,221

 
156,749

 
156,547

 
156,402

Effect of dilutive restricted stock units and options(1)
980

 
997

 
992

 
895

Weighted-average shares-diluted
157,201

 
157,746

 
157,539

 
157,297

Basic net income per share
$
1.96

 
$
1.62

 
$
2.90

 
$
4.28

Diluted net income per share
$
1.95

 
$
1.61

 
$
2.88

 
$
4.26

Anti-dilutive securities excluded from the computation of diluted net income per share

 

 
2

 
6

__________________
(1) The Company has not had any outstanding stock options since August 2016.
NOTE 11 – INCOME TAXES
The following table provides details of income taxes:

Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Income before income taxes
$
365,983

 
$
319,149

 
$
1,049,442

 
$
848,214

Provision for income taxes
$
59,102

 
$
65,587

 
$
595,944

 
$
178,300

Effective tax rate
16.1
%
 
20.6
%
 
56.8
%
 
21.0
%

The Company’s effective tax rate during the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018 was impacted by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“the Act”), which was enacted into law on December 22, 2017.  Income tax effects resulting from changes in tax laws are accounted for by the Company in accordance with the authoritative guidance, which requires that these tax effects be recognized in the period in which the law is enacted and the effects are recorded as a component of provision for income taxes from continuing operations. The Company has not fully completed its accounting for the tax effects of the enactment of the Act. As a result, the Company made an additional provision for income tax during the three months ended March 31, 2018 relating to the enactment of the Act.

The Act includes significant changes to the U.S. corporate income tax system which reduces the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35.0% to 21.0% as of January 1, 2018; shifts to a modified territorial tax regime which requires companies to pay a transition tax on earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries that were previously tax deferred; and creates new taxes on certain foreign-sourced earnings. The decrease in the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35.0% to 21.0% results in a blended statutory tax rate of 28.1% for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018. The new taxes for certain foreign-sourced earnings under the Act are effective for the Company after the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018.

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Tax expense was lower as a percentage of income before taxes during the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2017 primarily due to the impact of the following items:
Tax expense decreased by $13.0 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018 relating to the reduction of the US federal corporate tax rate from 35.0% to 28.1% for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018;
Tax expense decreased by $10.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018 primarily relating to a decrease in the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits from the expiration of the statute of limitations during the three months ended March 31, 2018; partially offset by
Tax expense increased by $4.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018 relating to a transition tax on the Company’s total post-1986 earnings and profits (“E&P”) which, prior to the enactment of the Act, was previously deferred from U.S. income taxes.
Tax expense was higher as a percentage of income before taxes during the nine months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the nine months ended March 31, 2017 primarily due to the impact of the following items:
Tax expense increased by $345.6 million during the nine months ended March 31, 2018 relating to a transition tax on the Company’s total post-1986 E&P which, prior to the enactment of the Act, was previously deferred from U.S. income taxes;
Tax expense increased by $100.4 million during the nine months ended March 31, 2018 relating to the re-measurement of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the Act’s new corporate tax rate of 21.0%; partially offset by
Tax expense decreased by $37.3 million relating to the reduction of the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35.0% to 28.1% for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018.
As of March 31, 2018, the Company had not fully completed its accounting for the tax effects of the enactment of the Act. The Company’s provision for income taxes for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018 is based in part on a reasonable estimate of the effects on its transition tax and existing deferred tax balances. For the amounts which the Company was able to reasonably estimate, the Company recognized a provisional tax amount of $4.0 million and $446.0 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2018, respectively. The provisional tax amount is included as a component of provision for income taxes from continuing operations. The components of the provisional tax amounts are as follows:
The Company recorded a provisional tax amount of $345.6 million for the transition tax liability. The Company has not yet completed the calculation of the total post-1986 foreign E&P and the income tax pools for all foreign subsidiaries. Further, the transition tax is based in part on the amount of those earnings held in cash and other specified assets. This amount may change when the Company finalizes the calculation of post-1986 foreign E&P previously deferred from U.S. federal taxation and finalizes the amounts held in cash or other specified assets. In addition, further interpretations from U.S. federal and state governments and regulatory organizations may change the provisional tax liability or the accounting treatment of the provisional tax liability.
The Company recorded a provisional tax amount of $100.4 million to re-measure certain deferred tax assets and liabilities as a result of the enactment of the Act. The Company is still analyzing certain aspects of the Act and refining the estimate of the expected reversal of its deferred tax balances. This can potentially affect the measurement of these balances or potentially give rise to new deferred tax amounts.
The Act also includes provisions for Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”) wherein taxes on foreign income are imposed in excess of a deemed return on tangible assets of foreign corporations. This income will effectively be taxed at a 10.5% tax rate in general. As a result, the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities are being evaluated if the deferred tax assets and liabilities should be recognized for the basis differences expected to reverse as a result of GILTI provisions that are effective for the Company after the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018, or should the tax on GILTI provisions be recognized in the period the Act was signed into law. Because of the complexity of the new provisions, the Company is continuing to evaluate on how the provisions will be accounted for under the U.S. generally accepted accounting principles wherein companies are allowed to make an accounting policy election of either (i) account for GILTI as a component of tax expense in the period in which the Company is subject to the rules (the “period cost method”), or (ii) account for GILTI in the Company’s measurement of deferred taxes (the “deferred method”). Currently, the Company has not elected a method and will only do so after its completion of the analysis of the GILTI provisions and its election method will depend, in part, on analyzing its global income to determine whether the Company expects to have future U.S. inclusions in its taxable income related to GILTI and, if so, the impact that is expected.

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In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by tax authorities throughout the world. The Company is subject to United States federal income tax examination for all years beginning from the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The Company is subject to state income tax examinations for all years beginning from the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013. The Company is also subject to examinations in other major foreign jurisdictions, including Singapore, for all years beginning from the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013.
It is possible that certain examinations may be concluded in the next twelve months. The Company believes that it may recognize up to $10.0 million of its existing unrecognized tax benefits within the next twelve months as a result of the lapse of statutes of limitations and the resolution of examinations with various tax authorities.
NOTE 12 – LITIGATION AND OTHER LEGAL MATTERS
The Company is named from time to time as a party to lawsuits and other types of legal proceedings and claims in the normal course of its business. Actions filed against the Company include commercial, intellectual property, customer, and labor and employment related claims, including complaints of alleged wrongful termination and potential class action lawsuits regarding alleged violations of federal and state wage and hour and other laws. In general, legal proceedings and claims, regardless of their merit, and associated internal investigations (especially those relating to intellectual property or confidential information disputes) are often expensive to prosecute, defend or conduct and may divert management’s attention and other company resources. Moreover, the results of legal proceedings are difficult to predict, and the costs incurred in litigation can be substantial, regardless of outcome. The Company believes the amounts provided in its condensed consolidated financial statements are adequate in light of the probable and estimated liabilities. However, because such matters are subject to many uncertainties, the ultimate outcomes are not predictable, and there can be no assurances that the actual amounts required to satisfy alleged liabilities from the matters described above will not exceed the amounts reflected in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements or will not have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
NOTE 13 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Factoring. KLA-Tencor has agreements (referred to as “factoring agreements”) with financial institutions to sell certain of its trade receivables and promissory notes from customers without recourse. The Company does not believe it is at risk for any material losses as a result of these agreements. In addition, the Company periodically sells certain letters of credit (“LCs”), without recourse, received from customers in payment for goods and services.
The following table shows total receivables sold under factoring agreements and proceeds from sales of LCs for the indicated periods:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Receivables sold under factoring agreements
$
69,390

 
$
25,528

 
$
148,523

 
$
110,503

Proceeds from sales of LCs
$

 
$
7,256

 
$
5,571

 
$
20,404

Factoring and LC fees for the sale of certain trade receivables were recorded in other expense (income), net and were not material for the periods presented.
Facilities. KLA-Tencor leases certain of its facilities under arrangements that are accounted for as operating leases. Rent expense was $2.7 million and $2.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively and was $7.7 million and $7.2 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

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The following is a schedule of expected operating lease payments:
Fiscal year ending June 30,
Amount
(In thousands)
2018 (remaining 3 months)
$
9,934

2019
8,301

2020
6,503

2021
4,641

2022
2,541

2023 and thereafter
4,541

Total minimum lease payments
$
36,461

Purchase Commitments. KLA-Tencor maintains commitments to purchase inventory from its suppliers as well as goods and services in the ordinary course of business. The Company’s liability under these purchase commitments is generally restricted to a forecasted time-horizon as mutually agreed upon between the parties. This forecasted time-horizon can vary among different suppliers. The Company’s estimate of its significant purchase commitments is approximately $528.4 million as of March 31, 2018 which are primarily due within the next 12 months. Actual expenditures will vary based upon the volume of the transactions and length of contractual service provided. In addition, the amounts paid under these arrangements may be less in the event that the arrangements are renegotiated or canceled. Certain agreements provide for potential cancellation penalties.
Cash Long-Term Incentive Plan. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had committed $119.2 million for future payment obligations under its Cash LTI Plan. The calculation of compensation expense related to the Cash LTI Plan includes estimated forfeiture rate assumptions. Cash LTI awards issued to employees under the Cash LTI Plan vest in three or four equal installments, with one-third or one-fourth of the aggregate amount of the Cash LTI award vesting on each yearly anniversary of the grant date over a three or four-year period. In order to receive payments under a Cash LTI award, participants must remain employed by the Company as of the applicable award vesting date.
Warranties, Guarantees and Contingencies. KLA-Tencor provides standard warranty coverage on its systems for 40 hours per week for 12 months, providing labor and parts necessary to repair and maintain the systems during the warranty period. The Company accounts for the estimated warranty cost as a charge to costs of revenues when revenue is recognized. The estimated warranty cost is based on historical product performance and field expenses. Utilizing actual service records, the Company calculates the average service hours and parts expense per system and applies the actual labor and overhead rates to determine the estimated warranty charge. The Company updates these estimated charges on a regular basis. The actual product performance and/or field expense profiles may differ, and in those cases, the Company adjusts its warranty accruals accordingly.
The following table provides the changes in the product warranty accrual for the indicated periods:
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
(In thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Beginning balance
$
45,013

 
$
40,673

 
$
45,458

 
$
34,773

Accruals for warranties issued during the period
11,618

 
13,504

 
38,665

 
37,597

Changes in liability related to pre-existing warranties
(3,299
)
 
(849
)
 
(11,084
)
 
(2,425
)
Settlements made during the period
(10,221
)
 
(9,114
)
 
(29,928
)
 
(25,731
)
Ending balance
$
43,111

 
$
44,214

 
$
43,111

 
$
44,214

The Company maintains guarantee arrangements available through various financial institutions for up to $22.5 million, of which $16.5 million had been issued as of March 31, 2018, primarily to fund guarantees to customs authorities for value-added tax (“VAT”) and other operating requirements of the Company’s subsidiaries in Europe and Asia.

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KLA-Tencor is a party to a variety of agreements pursuant to which it may be obligated to indemnify the other party with respect to certain matters. Typically, these obligations arise in connection with contracts and license agreements or the sale of assets, under which the Company customarily agrees to hold the other party harmless against losses arising from, or provides customers with other remedies to protect against, bodily injury or damage to personal property caused by the Company’s products, non-compliance with the Company’s product performance specifications, infringement by the Company’s products of third-party intellectual property rights and a breach of warranties, representations and covenants related to matters such as title to assets sold, validity of certain intellectual property rights, non-infringement of third-party rights, and certain income tax-related matters. In each of these circumstances, payment by the Company is typically subject to the other party making a claim to and cooperating with the Company pursuant to the procedures specified in the particular contract.
This usually allows the Company to challenge the other party’s claims or, in case of breach of intellectual property representations or covenants, to control the defense or settlement of any third-party claims brought against the other party. Further, the Company’s obligations under these agreements may be limited in terms of amounts, activity (typically at the Company’s option to replace or correct the products or terminate the agreement with a refund to the other party), and duration. In some instances, the Company may have recourse against third parties and/or insurance covering certain payments made by the Company.
Subject to certain limitations, the Company is obligated to indemnify its current and former directors, officers and employees with respect to certain litigation matters and investigations that arise in connection with their service to the Company. These obligations arise under the terms of the Company’s certificate of incorporation, its bylaws, applicable contracts, and Delaware and California law. The obligation to indemnify generally means that the Company is required to pay or reimburse the individuals’ reasonable legal expenses and possibly damages and other liabilities incurred in connection with these matters.
In addition, the Company may in limited circumstances enter into agreements that contain customer-specific commitments on pricing, tool reliability, spare parts stocking levels, response time and other commitments. Furthermore, the Company may give these customers limited audit or inspection rights to enable them to confirm that the Company is complying with these commitments. If a customer elects to exercise its audit or inspection rights, the Company may be required to expend significant resources to support the audit or inspection, as well as to defend or settle any dispute with a customer that could potentially arise out of such audit or inspection. To date, the Company has made no significant accruals in its condensed consolidated financial statements for this contingency. While the Company has not in the past incurred significant expenses for resolving disputes regarding these types of commitments, the Company cannot make any assurance that it will not incur any such liabilities in the future.
It is not possible to predict the maximum potential amount of future payments under these or similar agreements due to the conditional nature of the Company’s obligations and the unique facts and circumstances involved in each particular agreement. Historically, payments made by the Company under these agreements have not had a material effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
NOTE 14 – DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES
The authoritative guidance requires companies to recognize all derivative instruments and hedging activities, including foreign currency exchange contracts, as either assets or liabilities at fair value on the balance sheet. Changes in the fair value of derivatives that do not qualify for hedge treatment, as well as the ineffective portion of any hedges, are recognized in other expense (income), net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. In accordance with the guidance, the Company designates foreign currency forward exchange and option contracts as cash flow hedges of certain forecasted foreign currency denominated sales and purchase transactions.
KLA-Tencor’s foreign subsidiaries operate and sell KLA-Tencor’s products in various global markets. As a result, KLA-Tencor is exposed to risks relating to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. KLA-Tencor utilizes foreign currency forward exchange contracts and option contracts to hedge against future movements in foreign exchange rates that affect certain existing and forecasted foreign currency denominated sales and purchase transactions, such as the Japanese yen, the euro, the New Taiwan dollar and the Israeli new shekel. The Company routinely hedges its exposures to certain foreign currencies with various financial institutions in an effort to minimize the impact of certain currency exchange rate fluctuations. These currency forward exchange contracts and options, designated as cash flow hedges, generally have maturities of less than 18 months. Cash flow hedges are evaluated for effectiveness monthly, based on changes in total fair value of the derivatives. If a financial counterparty to any of the Company’s hedging arrangements experiences financial difficulties or is otherwise unable to honor the terms of the foreign currency hedge, the Company may experience material losses.

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For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of the gains or losses on the derivative is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”) and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Changes in the fair value of currency forward exchange and option contracts due to changes in time value are excluded from the assessment of effectiveness. Gains and losses on the derivative representing either hedge ineffectiveness or hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized in current earnings.
For derivative instruments that are not designated as accounting hedges, gains and losses are recognized in other expense (income), net. The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge certain foreign currency denominated assets or liabilities. The gains and losses on these derivatives are largely offset by the changes in the fair value of the assets or liabilities being hedged.
In October 2014, in anticipation of the issuance of the Senior Notes, the Company entered into a series of forward contracts (“Rate Lock Agreements”) to lock the benchmark rate on a portion of the Senior Notes. The objective of the Rate Lock Agreements was to hedge the risk associated with the variability in interest rates due to the changes in the benchmark rate leading up to the closing of the intended financing, on the notional amount being hedged. The Rate Lock Agreements had a notional amount of $1.00 billion in aggregate which matured in the second quarter of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The Rate Lock Agreements were terminated on the date of pricing of the $1.25 billion of 4.650% Senior Notes due in 2024 and the Company recorded the fair value of $7.5 million as a gain within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as of December 31, 2014. The Company recognized $0.2 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 and $0.6 million for each of the nine months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 for the amortization of the gain recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), which amount reduced the interest expense. As of March 31, 2018, the unamortized portion of the fair value of the forward contracts for the rate lock agreements was $5.0 million.
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships: Foreign Exchange and Interest Rate Contracts
The locations and amounts of designated and non-designated derivative instruments’ gains and losses reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements for the indicated periods were as follows:
 
 
Three months ended
March 31,
 
Nine months ended
March 31,
(In thousands)
Location in Financial Statements
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains (losses) in accumulated OCI on derivatives (effective portion)
Accumulated OCI
$
(581
)
 
$
(3,526
)
 
$
560

 
$
8,605

Gains (losses) reclassified from accumulated OCI into income (effective portion):
Revenues
$
(65
)
 
$
2,441

 
$
1,300

 
$
(465
)
 
Costs of revenues
570

 
(342
)